Carbon is part of life
Carbon-based chemicals make our modern lives possible. They are used to create synthetic fibres that clothe billions of people and insulate our homes. Plastics reduce food waste and make our vehicles lighter and more fuel efficient. These essential chemicals would not exist without the carbon embedded in their molecules.
Carbon is also used to power and enable mobility in many industries. In some ‘hard-to-abate’ sectors, which are not able to fully electrify, ‘green molecules’ will also be required to enable a transition from fossil fuels.
Right now, green molecules that contain carbon (biofuels and methanol) are the best options for creating energy-dense, low-GHG emission fuels that are safe and easy to handle. This makes them key for the urgent development of viable alternatives to fossil fuels for industries including long distance shipping and aviation.